Agriculture is a key sector to feed the Indonesia’s growing population that is expected to reach 319 million by 2045. The sector itself accounted for 13.5% of Indonesia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 38% of its employment (World Bank, 2016). It shows that agriculture sector in Indonesia is one of the most vibrant and dynamic sectors. Yet, the sector has been facing a significant challenge due to the ageing of farming population. As the industry’s workers are growing old, less and less young people are continuing farming practices.
The Ministry of Agriculture reported in 2013 that most farmers in Indonesia were above 45 years. On a similar note, Statistics Indonesia (2013) revealed a worrisome fact showing negative trends of labour participation in the agriculture sector from 2008 to 2012. The lowest participation rate was shown in the group of young people aged 15-29 (see Figure 1). The report also showed that the number of Indonesian farmers is declining steadily by 1.4% (see Figure 2). Without farmer regeneration, we put the future of food security and the sustainability of agriculture at risk.