In Guatemala, food and nutrition insecurity causes stunted growth in nearly 50 percent of children under the age of five. Chronic malnutrition affects 70 per cent of the indigenous population according to the latest National Survey on Maternal and Child Health in Guatemala. Developing recognition, respect and understanding of the socio-cultural differences of indigenous peoples is a necessary component of fulfilling the right to food for indigenous communities. This approach is known as 'cultural relevance' or ‘fit to culture'.
This is why, since 2023, a group of 15 public and private actors have been coordinating solutions in line with the community agreement and indigenous beliefs, as well as the Guatemalan Municipal Food and Nutrition Security Policy (SAN).
This policy aims to guarantee the health, availability, access, consumption and use of food for households. It links family and organised producers to programmes such as school feeding, improving family production systems and better diagnosis and treatment of cases of acute malnutrition in children.